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What do they look like?
Smallmouth bass look much like largemouth bass, except, well... they have small mouths. The upper jaw on the smallmouth bass never reaches farther out on its face than its eyes do. Smallmouths have an interesting other characteristic that makes them unique. The section of membrane that separates their fins is quite broad and scaly. In addition, the smallmouth generally have quite a few large scales. Smallmouths typically have about 16 scale rows running across their bodies. These fish are usually bronze in color with dark vertical side bars. These are generally small fish, weighing only one to three pounds. Many of them even weigh less than a pound.

How do they behave?
Smallmouth bass prefer cool water. They like temperatures in the 60s and 70s. If the water gets too warm, they like finding a nice cooler, shaded spot to hide in until the water cools off.

What else do you need to know about them?
These fish are generally loners once they've reached maturity. They like being by themselves and exploring what their habitat has to offer. It's a different story when they're younger, however. Young smallmouths like to be with other fish of their type. It's not uncommon to see hundreds of young smallmouths together in their natural surroundings.
Smallmouth bass are carnivorous and will eat anything from insects to aquatic snails, worms, leeches, mice, frogs, and etc. They will eat some plants, but would definitely prefer a nice animal to munch on. They like animals, because their diets often call for high amounts of protein.