The common chameleon has a unique feature in defense he can change colors to his environment.
The common chameleon uses its color changing ability to catch prey and avoid predators. The chameleon lives a solitary life except during breeding season, which occurs in August to September. He protects his territory violently against other males; he tries to frighten his enemies by puffing his body up to appear larger.
During breeding season, the chameleon mating will begin in the trees, where the female’s eggs are fertilized inside her body. The female will not carry them long. She will search for a dry, warm spot to lay her eggs. When she finds what she is looking for, the female deposits her eggs and buries them. She does not defend them, they are left unattended. The eggs hatch the following spring, the young break the shell with an egg tooth and are miniature versions of an adult.
The chameleon mainly eats insects. He will sit for hours with its disguises, without moving, waiting for his meal. When an insect lands within distance, he shoots out his long, sticky tongue and captures his victim.
The chameleon has transparent skin with red and yellow color cells beneath it, the reflect light. This gives him his only defense, being able to change colors. This ability allows him to change color to his surroundings. If he is in green leafy trees, he will become a bright green with brownish spots. When he is on the forest floor he is able to change to a more brownish color with darker brown spots. This effect allows him to go undetected by many predators and prey.
There are approximately 100 species of chameleon, ranging from two inches in length to two feet. The chameleons are not at this time an endangered species.