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Many a novice has given up the idea of trying to fish simply because they are confused by all the equipment. A beginning fisherman should always start with simple fishing techniques and then graduate to the more difficult techniques as they feel more confident.

To learn to fish you will need a fishing pole, fishing line, hooks, anchors and a bobber. All this equipment can be purchase inexpensively at local discount stores. You do not have to start with a rod and reel. A cane pole will work fine. The line or monofilament should be strong enough to hold the type of fish you plan to catch. For small fish, such as perch or crappy, a light weight line works great. For heavier fish, such as catfish, you will need a heavier weight line. Hooks, much like the fishing line, should be bought according to the size fish you desire to catch. Small hooks work well on small fish, while medium hooks will usually snag a medium to large catch. The really large hooks or used in most cases for deep sea fishing where the catch is quite large. The anchors will be used to weigh down you fishing line so the hook and bait will sink. Medium to small anchors work well since you can always add one or two as necessary. As with your other fishing items, the bobber should be purchased according to the size fish you are trying to catch. The bobber sits on the water above the hook and bait. When a fish takes your bait the bobber will go under the water. If the bobber is too small, even a snag will pull it under. If it is too large, smaller fish may not pull it under. It is best to use a medium size bobber when you are beginning.
To attach your line to the pole, begin by tying it below one of the notches on your cane pole about half way down. Tie the line in a tight knot and then extend it to the end of the pole and secure it there with a knot. While doing this, do not cut your line. You will need to keep it all in one piece so you can extend it out for fishing. Many poles today, including the cane poles, will have eyes attached to run the line through. In this case measure your line by making to two lengths of the pole. Make the first tie behind the first eye and then run the line through both eyes. Attach a hook at the end of the line, tying it tightly in a double knot. About four inches above the hook, attach the anchors. Anchors are small pieces of lead with slits in them so that they can be attached directly to a fishing line. This is done by placing the fishing line in the groove and pressing it shut with needle nose pliers. The bobber should be attached above the anchors, allowing just enough room for your hook and bait to nearly reach the bottom of the water you are fishing in. You may have to toss the line in the water a few times to get this right. If the bobber turns sideways in the water, your hook and bait are laying on the bottom and you will need to shorten the distance between your bobber and hook.
You can bait your hook with worms, minnows or corn. These seem to bring the best results when beginning. Make sure the bait is well attached to the hook or it will come off when you toss your line in the water. When you see the bobber go under the water gently yank back on your pole to hook the fish. To remove the fish from the hook, run your hand from the head back over the fins to lay them down and grip the fish firmly. Use your other hand to remove the hook.