Childhood Immunization Schedule
What immunizations should your children get? When should they get them? How many doses do they need of each? What does each do? Learn more here.
You've heard a lot about all the shots your children are required to have. Shots that prevent your child from contracting hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria, influenza, polio, and the chicken pox are just some of the shots you'll have to get to help try to keep your children healthy. Young children need to get their shots at certain ages. Your doctor might explain the schedule to you, but many people forget when, where and what shots they need. Here's the schedule of shots you need to take your child to the doctor for in order to prevent dangerous viruses and diseases. This schedule lists the recommended times and doses, as prescribed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the Centers for Disease Control.
• Hepatitis B. Children should get three doses. The first before he turns two months old, the second at least one month later but before he turns four months old, and the third between the child's sixth and eighteenth month.
• Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (DTP). Children should get six doses of DTP. The first should be given when the child is two months old. The second and third at four and six months. The fourth dose should be given between the child's 12th and 18th month. The fifth dose should be a booster between four and six years old. The final does should be sometime in the child's preteen and early teenage years.
• H. influenza type B. Children should get four doses of these shots. The first three should be each two months apart when the child turns two, four, and six months old. The final booster should be given when the child is 12 to 15 months old.
• Polio. Four doses should be given. At two and four months, then again at 6-18 months. The final dose should be later when the child is between the ages of four and six years old.
• MMR. Two doses are needed. The first at the child's first year birthday and the second when the child is four to six years old.
• Chicken pox. Only one dose is needed of chicken pox. This should be administered when the child is 12-18 months old.