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Chess is an amazing game of strategy that has become very popular today. This is a game that is played by two players on a checkered board. The pieces that are used in this game are, in most cases, black for one player and white for the second player. There is one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns for each player. The main object of this game is to break through your opponent’s defenses to capture his king.

To begin playing chess you should position a chessboard with the black corner squares to your left. Then arrange the piece on the board with the eight pawns filling all the second spaces, the two rooks on the ends of the first spaces, the two knights, the two bishops, then the king and queen. Since each playing piece has a unique move you will need to remember that no piece can jump over or pass through another piece on the board. But by landing on the same square with another piece you can capture that piece. When you capture a piece it is removed from the game.

Kings can move in any direction but in most cases only one square at a time. Any time the move of your king would put you in a situation where your king could be captured on your opponents next move, the movement of your king is disallowed. Your queen can move any direction and over as many unoccupied squares as possible when it is to your advantage. This makes your queen the most powerful piece on the chessboard. Rooks can move backward, forward or sideways any number of unoccupied squares you would like but not diagonally. Bishops can be moved diagonally forward or backwards over as many unoccupied squares as you desire. Because of this, the bishops are confined to squares of one color or the other during the entire game. Knights can be moved three squares in two different directions. In other words you can move a knight two squares forward, backward or sideways and then for the third move it must go in a direction that is at a right angle to the first two moves. Knights can also jump over any piece in its path. Pawns can only move forward. From their original position a pawn can advance either one or two squares or else only one square at a time. Pawns cannot capture a piece in their path but they can capture a piece that is diagonally in front of it, one square to the left or one square to the right. When you are able to maneuver your pawn to the rear row of your opponent’s side of the board you can declare your pawn a piece of higher rank. In most cases pawns that make it to the opponents back row are declared to be queens since this is the most powerful piece.

When you want to bring your two rooks close together for an attack or to protect the king while you move him to safer area of the board you can do what is known as castle. Castling can only be done if neither the king nor the rook has been moved and if the squares between the two pieces are unoccupied. In this move, the king will be moved two squares closer to the chosen rook, then the rook jumps over the kin and onto the square jumped by the king. This counts are only one move and is the only situation in which a king moves more than one square or where a piece other than a knight jumps over another piece. As with most board games the moves should alternate. The person who has chosen the white pieces will move first and only one piece can be moved per turn with the only exception to this being when you are castling. Anytime you put your partners king in danger you must warn him by saying, "check." This gives your partner an opportunity during his move to get his king out of check or block the attack with another piece. When your partner cannot move it is a checkmate and the game ends. The game will also end when you or your partner cannot move during your turn or if you cannot move without endangering the king.

When playing chess always take your time and think out your moves. Try to imagine what your opponent might do if you make a given move and how will effect your strategy. When you see a given move that you think might be effective against your partner, take the time to work through what he could possibly do on his next move if you make your chosen move. Chess, unlike checkers, is a game in which each player should not be rushed. Never rush your partner even if you have worked out all their possible moves before they have. Proper etiquette is very important when playing this game. Some chess masters have been known to take up to an hour to choose their next move. So patience is very important when playing this game.