Susan B. Anthony Biography
Susan B. Anthony was an American reformer who devoted her life to causes such as the abolition of slavery, temperance, labor reform, women's rights, and women's suffrage.
Susan B. Anthony was an American reformer who devoted her life to causes such as the abolition of slavery, temperance, labor reform, women's rights, and women's suffrage. She worked closely with Elizabeth Cady Stanton for most of her struggle for women's rights. The two comprised the perfect team. Stanton was a brilliant speech writer, and Anthony was a talented and effective orator. Anthony traveled the country delivering the speeches that Stanton had written while caring for her children. Anthony, Stanton, and Matilda Joslin Gage published the first three volumes of HISTORY OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE from 1881-1885.
Anthony was arrested and convicted when she illegally registered and cast a ballot in the 1872 presidential election. She refused to pay the fine, but no further action was taken against her. This inaction by the court prevented an appeal. Anthony died in 1906 without witnessing the fruit of all her efforts. Women gained the right to vote in 1920 when the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. Anthony was honored in 1979 when the U.S. Mint issued one dollar coins bearing her likeness. She was the first woman ever depicted on U.S. currency.
1820 She was born in Adams, Massachusetts. (February 15)
1835 She began teaching school.
1839 She took a position as a teacher in a Quaker seminary.
1845 She moved with her family to Rochester, New York.
1846 She became the head of the girls' department at Canajoharie Academy.
1848 She began her work in the temperance movement.
1849 She was elected president of the Rochester chapter of the Daughters of Temperance.
1851 She met Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
1853 She and Stanton founded the Women's State Temperance Society.
1856 She became an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
1863 She founded the Women's Loyal League.
1866 She became corresponding secretary of the American Equal Rights Association.
1868 She and Stanton began publishing a periodical called REVOLUTION.
1869 She and Stanton organized the National Woman Suffrage Association.
1870 She formed and became president of the Workingwomen's Central Association.
1872 She registered and cast a vote in the presidential election and was arrested as a result.
1888 She helped form the International Council of Women.
1890 The National Woman Suffrage Association and The American Woman Suffrage Association combined to form The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
1892 She became president of NAWSA.
1898 She persuaded the University of Rochester to admit women.
1900 She retired from her presidency of NAWSA.
1904 She presided over the International Council of Women in Berlin.
1906 She addressed her last women's suffrage convention.; She died in Rochester, New York. (March 13)
1920 The 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, giving women the right to vote. (August 18)
1979 The U.S. Mint issued the Susan B. Anthony coin. (July 2)