Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Biography
Henry Wadsworth Longellow, the most popular American poet of the 19th century, was born to Stephen Longfellow and Zilpah Wadsworth Longfellow in Portland, Maine.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, the most popular American poet of the 19th century, was born to Stephen Longfellow and Zilpah Wadsworth Longfellow in Portland, Maine. His formal education began early when he was sent to school at the age of three, and he was first published at age 13 when a Portland newspaper published one of his poems. He graduated from Bowdoin College and later became the first professor of modern languages there. Both of his marriages ended in tragedy. His first wife, Mary Storer Potter, died from a miscarriage, and his second wife, Frances Appleton, died from a household accident. He and Frances had six children and settled in the Craigie House in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he lived the rest of his life. The Craigie House is now called the Longfellow House and is part of the Longfellow National Historic Site. Longfellow was the first American to be recognized with a memorial bust in the Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey.
1807 He was born in Portland, Maine. (February 27)
1820 His first poem was published in a Portland newspaper.
1825 He graduated from Bowdoin College.
1826 He went to Europe to study modern languages.
1829 He returned to America and began his career as a college professor.
1831 He married Mary Storer Potter.
1834 He was appointed to a professorship at Harvard and went to Europe again in preparation.
1835 His wife, Mary Storer Potter, died. (November 29)
1836 He began teaching at Harvard University.
1837 He moved into Craigie House where he lived the rest of his life.
1839 VOICES OF THE NIGHT was published.
1841 BALLADS was published.
1842 POEMS ON SLAVERY was published.
1843 He married Frances Appleton. (July)
1845 THE BELFRY OF BRUGES AND OTHER POEMS was published.
1847 EVANGELINE was published.
1849 THE SEASIDE AND THE FIRESIDE and KAVANAGH: A TALE were published.
1854 He resigned from Harvard to focus on his writing.
1855 THE SONG OF HIAWATHA was published.
1858 THE COURTSHIP OF MILES STANDISH was published.
1861 His wife, Frances Appleton, died. (July 9)
1863 TALES OF A WAYSIDE INN was published.
1979 "The Cross of Snow" was published.
1880 ULTIMA THULE was published.
1882 He died in Craigie House in Cambridge, Massachusetts. (March 24)
1884 A bust was placed in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey in London.