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Desmond Tutu, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, was born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal in South Africa. He was initially trained as a teacher, but he soon began his studies in theology. He remained an educator until 1972 when he became the first black to hold the position of Dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg. He held such a distinction once again three years later as the first black to be General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. Tutu advocated equal civil rights for all, calling for economic sanctions against the South African government in protest of apartheid. Once Apartheid was ended, he was selected by Nelson Mandela to serve as head of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, a post he continues to hold.

CHRONOLOGY

1931 He was born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal in South Africa. (October 7)

1954 He graduated from the University of South Africa with a degree in teaching.

1955 He married Leah Nomalizo Shenxane. (July 2)

1958 He began his religious training at St. Peter's Theological College.

1960 He was ordained a deacon in the Anglican Church.

1961 He was ordained a priest.

1962 He began studying theology at King's College in England. (September)

1966 He received a Master of Theology degree in England.

1968 He began teaching theology at St. Peter's College in South Africa.

1970 He began lecturing at the University of Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland.

1972 He returned to England to become the Associate Director of the Theological Education Fund in London.

1975 He was appointed Dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg.

1976 He became Bishop of Lesotho. (July)

1978 He became General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches.

1979 He called for economic sanctions against the South African government.

1982 THE DIVINE INTENTION, a collection of his lectures, was published.

1983 HOPE AND SUFFERING, a collection of his sermons, was published.

1984 He received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway. (December)

1985 He was enthroned as Bishop of Johannesburg. (February 3)

1986 He was elected Archbishop of Cape Town. (April)

1995 He was selected to serve as head of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

1996 He retired form his primacy as Archbishop of Cape Town. (June)