Avicenna (Ibn Sina) : Philosopher And Physician
An article about Avicenna (Ibn Sina) a famous physician and philosopher of his era. It also describes his wonderful contribution to the world today.
Ibn Sina or called Avicenna by Europeans, was born in 980 A.D and died at the age of 57 in 1037 A.D. His real name is Abu Ali al'Husain ibn Abdullah ibn Sina. He was born at Afsana near Bukhara in Turkistan. By the age of 10, he had mastered the Qur'an and wide range of science and logic. At the age of 18, he was already an accomplished physician. One of his earlier contribution in medicine is curing the King of Bukhara, Nooh ibn Mansoor.
After the death of his father, he moved to Jurjan and there he is known to correspond with Abu Raihan al'Biruni. After Jurjan, he made his way to Ray and then to Hamadan. Later he went to Isfahan, where he did most of his writings and well known works. He then returned to Hamadan until his death. His contribution to the world today are in the fields of medicine, philosophy, mathemathic and astronomy.
His biggest and best known work is a book called Al Qanun Fil Tibb ( The Canon of medicine ). He wrote this book in his earlier visit to Hamadan. This systematic encyclopaedia described about pharmalogical methods where he listed about 790 drugs. It contains medical knowledge based on the ancient Greece and Muslim sources besides his own research. This book remains the most complete resource for 6 centuries and was translated into a few other languages.
Was named Kitab al-Shifa ( Book of Healing ), this book dealing with theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge as well. His philosophy has the combination of Aristotle and Neoplationism in Islamic way. He describe the concept of dualism of mind and matter, "matter was passive and creation as the act of instilling existence into this passive substance; only God does not have this.
Other than al-Shifa, his well known works includes al-Najat and Isharat.