Tourette Syndrome is an interesting disorder that we know little about. What is it and how is it treated?
Tourett Syndrome(TS) is a neurological condition chattered by involuntary movements and vocalizations known as tics. Suddenly shouting out obscenities or other inappropriate remakes is what a tic is known as. This unusual behavior is called coprolalia and only occurs in the rarest of cases. Probably less than 10% of people with Tourette's syndrome have coprolalia. Depending on their intensity, they can be very emotionally disturbing and socially stigmatizing. In most cases over the symptoms are mild and require little or no treatment. Tourette's syndrome effects 100,000 Americans, and because many go undiagnosed the number could be much higher. They syndrome come out in childhood, usually between the ages of 6 and 10. It is 3 or 4 times higher in boys than is in girls and effects all people from all different racial and ethnic backgrounds.
Most commonly Tourette's syndrome occurs along with another condition. Such conditions have been known to be attention deficit disorder, obsesive-complusive disorder, impluse-control problems, and learning disabilities. In some cases, these are associated conditions can create more problems than the tics alone. Early diagnosis is important and treatment is necessary to get control of the tics and their severity. People with TS can expect to live a full life span and are of normal intelligence. For many symptoms subside in late adolescence.
Some symptoms that go along with TS are tic and there are two types. Simple tics are abrupt meaningless gestures or sounds. Complex tics involve repeated movements of several muscle groups. Simple motor and vocal tics would be eye blinking, head jerking, shoulder shrugging, grimacing, throat clearing, yelping, sniffling, and tongue clicking. Complex motor and vocal tics would include jumping, inappropriate touching of other people or objects, smelling, twirling about, uttering words or phrases out of context, repeating short phrases and constantly repeating words of other people.
There is no current cure for TS. The treatment plan in action is to reduce symptoms with a combination of supportive and behavioral strategies. In most cases medication is not needed. Coordinated care from a team of health-care professionals is necessary, and would include a medical doctor, specialist, and sometimes supportive counseling. Medications are only used when tics are more severe or associated conditions. Support groups are the most help in 90% of people that have Tourette's Syndrome.