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Gestational diabetes ( GDM ) is the form of diabetes that strikes pregnant women. Hormones during pregnancy make the body resistant to the proper absorption of sugars. This results in insulin resistance. This means that insulin does not work and the condition is the defective utilization of blood sugars.

Gestational diabetes ( or hereby called GDM ) can't be explained. However, there is a pattern arising from factors which point to certain women having the tendency to get GDM. GDM is hereditary. Obese women are prone to it. Age also matters as women above 35 are susceptible to GDM. Other factors are stress during the pregnancy, hypertension, previous encounter with GDM, past experiences of having a big baby, stillbirth, abnormal infants and miscarriages.

It is wise to be aware of the risks incurred by GDM. There are higher risks of getting bladder infections, urinary tract infections, hypertension, polyhydramnios and preeclampsia. With so much at risk, you should monitor your GDM carefully and follow instructions to bring it under control.

If you are attending regular prenatal checks, you will be tested for GDM. Otherwise, look out for symptoms of GDM like feeling thirsty frequently and increased frequency of urination. A blood sugar test called Oral Glucose Tolerance Test ( OGTT ) is used to confirm the presence of GDM.

Do not worry if you have GDM. If you exercise control and stress-free living during your pregnancy, GDM disappears after your delivery. It is essential to take care of GDM to minimize the risks of passing the diabetes to your unborn baby. On the other hand, even if the baby inherits the genetic disposition to diabetes, it is still possible to prevent the trait from showing by developing good dietary habits, regular exercise and a healthy life style.

If the diabetic mum does not control her GDM, then the child will likely become diabetic early in life. As the causes of GDM are unknown, there is no way of preventing GDM. However, taking precautions against GDM helps. Having a balanced diet, regular exercises and clean living are general precautions.

Treatment for GDM includes diet and exercise therapies. A dietician will help you draw out a diet plan to control your blood sugar without compromising necessary nutrition for yourself and your unborn child. Exercise therapy helps to lower your blood sugar level. Mild exercise like walking and swimming are usually recommended. Vigorous exercise is forbidden to prevent injuries to you and the baby. Some patients require injections to treat GDM.

Most women with GDM can lick the condition by following her doctor's instructions.