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Companion planting is growing together plants that complement and assist each other so that they can flourish. For example, some vegetables and herbs help each other thrive because they fix the nitrogen from the air in their roots and help improve the soil for the other plants. They also repel insects and animals, which would destroy or damage the crops. Here are a few steps which will help yout to plan your garden:


Plan your garden carefully

*Plants that need a lot of water can be planted together, closer to the water source. Other plants can be planted further away from your tap. In your planning, think about which plants grow well together, which plants thrive in the sun and which ones grow better in the shade.

*Group the plants that complement each other together

*Beans grow well with marigolds, potatoes, rosemary, celery, corn or tomatoes.

*Marigolds and potatoes repel Mexican bean beetles. Rosemary repels insects. Celery, corn and tomatoes improve growth.

*Cabbage and cabbage-family members grow well with aromatic plants such as rosemary, sage, and thyme repel insects. You can also interplant them with clover and lettuce to help confuse insect pests.

*Plants you can plant lettuce with include beets, carrots, cucumbers, cabbage-family crops, radishes, and strawberries, as they all enhance its growth. Plant your corn with beans and peas, as they add nutrients to the soil.

*Interplant your carrots with peas, radishes, or sage to improve their flavor- peas also add nutrients to the soil. Onions, leaks and rosemary help repel root maggot flies. Onions help repel carrot rust flies.

*Plant your melons with corn and peas to improve growth and flavor. Nasturtiums and radishes repel cucumber beetles.

*Separate the plants that do not grow well together

When you plan your garden, make sure that the following plants are not planted together in the same bed, as they do not complement each other.

Beetroot with pole beans
Onions with peas and beans
Cabbage with strawberries, potatoes and pole beans
Pumpkin with potatoes
Tomatoes with cabbage and potatoes
Sunflowers with potatoes

Plant your garden in rotation

When you inter-crop your garden, you can also plant in rotation. That means you will plant different vegetables on the same piece of land one after another. It means that you will not grow the same plant again and again in the same soil. Planting in rotation helps to prevent insect invasions. It also helps to prevent harmful soil bacteria and other organisms from multiplying.